Tooth Scaling

Tooth Scaling is the procedure of removing calculus (tartar), plaque and stains from the teeth.Dental scaler is a stainless steel instrument with sharp edges in removing tartar from teeth.

Smile is one of the most important assets of a human being. It adds to your personality and appearance. So it has to be maintained by maintaining the oral health.

Dental cleaning and scaling can be performed by dentist or dental professional only. This is a routine dental works advised to be done every 6 months. Dental Scaling can remove plaque and tartar from all tooth surfaces with different types of scaling being used in relation to the amount of plaque and tartar. Dentist will perform traditional scaling by hand.

The teeth are supported by gums around them and the bone underlying the gums.In order to maintain the teeth in health condition,one has to take care of the gums surrounding them. The awareness among the people regarding the maintenance of oral health is increasing day by day. But there are certain conditions in the mouth which are still neglected by people.
The gums in healthy condition are coral pink in colour, surrounding the neck of the tooth in a collar like fashion following a scalloped outline. But in dark complexioned individuals, the gums are pigmented due to presence of more melanin pigment. The consistency of the gums is firm and resilient and the surface texture is similar to an orange peel and referred to as stippled. This ‘stippled’ appearance is absent in infants, seen in children above 5 years, it increases in adulthood, and disappears in old age. The tooth is supported and held in place by gum fibres.

There are certain conditions of gums which need attention.

  • Redness of gums
  • Swelling of gums
  • Frequent bleeding from gums
  • Thick deposits over the teeth
  • Mobility of the teeth
  • Sensitivity of teeth
  • Bad breath
  • Pus discharge from gums
  • Formation of gaps between teeth
  • Food lodgement between the teeth

These are the most commonly encountered problems which if not attended to soon, can worsen. Redness, swelling and bleeding of gums is suggestive of inflammation of the gums. This condition is termed as ‘Gingivitis’. This when worsened leads to pus formation in the gums, loss of internal bone structure and ultimately mobility and loss of the tooth. This condition where in there is recession of gums, bone loss and tooth mobility it is termed as ‘Periodontitis’. Also, as we eat regularly, the food particles keep depositing on the tooth surfaces called as ‘plaque’. This if not cleaned properly and regularly, is acted upon by the bacteria and over a period of time it develops into a thick solid stone like structure over the tooth surfaces and over the root surfaces of the tooth underneath the gums called as ‘calculus’.

Plaque is cause by bacterial in the mouth releasing acid which attacks the teeth enamel. Teeth plaque leads to teeth decay and gum diseases (easily bleeding gum). To prevent plaque to build up you should brush and floss the teeth frequently. Teeth scaling is needed to remove the plaque and keep the teeth clean while teeth polishing is done to make it hard for the plaque to cling on our teeth.

Tooth Polishing

Dental polishing brush rubs and cleans teeth surfaces in a polishing and restoring the shine in teeth.

Polishing of tooth surfaces is used to make these surfaces smooth which makes it more difficult for plaque and debris to accumulate on your teeth that causes decay or gum disease. Polishing is a preventive procedure used as a first-line defense against dental problems.Polishing is done with rotary power brushes also serves to expedite the cleaning process by quickly removing tenacious stains such as those caused by coffee, tea, wine and other foods. It is a common practice for this polishing to be done with a mildly abrasive paste that includes re-mineralizing ingredients such as fluoride and calcium and the like, which serve to reinvigorate and reinforce weakened tooth structure.

Now, there are many people who may avoid dental cleanings because they think that scraping the teeth just isn’t good for them. However, in the hands of a skilled professional, there is no need to worry about damaging your teeth. Your enamel is the hardest substance in your body and actually dulls the stainless steel instruments used to do cleanings. Additionally, if your dentist uses ultrasonic scalers to remove the hard deposits, then there is even less risk of damage to the teeth.

There may be some sensitivity for a period after your teeth are cleaned, particularly in cases where a lot of cleaning is.